Corticosteroids (steroid medications) are man-made copies of natural steroids.
Steroid medications come in a variety of types. Oral steroids are the pill type covered in this leaflet, which is taken by mouth.
Creams, inhalers, drops, and sprays are examples of other forms of steroids. Topical Steroids (Excluding Inhaled) is a separate leaflet that covers these topics.Inhaled Steroids), Topical Steroids for Eczema and Asthma Inhalers.aled.
Oral steroid categories
Steroids inhibit calcium absorption in the gastrointestinal tract, which can lead to osteoporosis, or bone weakening. Bone fractures, particularly compression fractures of the vertebrae, can occur as a result of osteoporosis, causing significant back discomfort. Calcium, in the form of calcium carbonate or equivalent, should be consumed. There are some new drugs (particularly Fosamax) that may help.
What oral steroids are there?
Steroids (also known as cortisone or corticosteroids) are chemicals that occur naturally in the body. Steroids reduce inflammation, suppress the body’s immune system, and block DNA from being made, as well as blocking a chemical called histamine (released during an allergic reaction).
Steroid medicines are man-made but are similar to these natural hormones.
This will vary with individual steroids and with the condition for which they are prescribed. For short courses, usually a relatively high dose is prescribed each day, for a few days or a week or so, and then stopped abruptly at the end of the course. If taken for more than three weeks, the dose will need to be tailed off gradually.
For those who have to take steroids for a longer time, a common treatment plan is to start with a high dose to control symptoms. Often the dose is then slowly reduced to a lower daily dose that keeps symptoms away. The length of treatment can vary, depending on the disease. Sometimes the steroid treatment is gradually stopped if the condition improves. However, steroids are needed for life for some conditions, as symptoms return if the steroids are stopped.
Steroids used to treat disease are called corticosteroids. They are different to the anabolic steroids which some athletes and bodybuilders use. Anabolic steroids have very different effects.
Steroids are available as tablets, soluble tablets, and liquids (solutions), creams, ointments, inhalers and injections.
How long will it take to complete the task? If the specified amount is sufficient to lessen your specific level of inflammation, prednisone usually works fast — usually within one to four days. Prednisone’s effects might be felt hours after the first dose is taken.